Supernova Explosion and Neutron-Star Birth of a 25-Solar-Mass Star

This visualization shows the results of a state-of-the-art 3D simulation of supernova explosion and neutron-star birth. Highlighted among others  things is the deep core that is shrinking after explosion due to neutrino cooling and deleptonization on its way to becoming a cold, compact neutron  star.  In evidence is inner proto-neutron star convection, perhaps the  site of magnetic dynamo action that can turn a pulsar into a magnetar.  The final frames are of the blast wave moving at ~10,000 km/s that cocoons  the newly-birthed neutron star.

Science: The Princeton Supernova Theory Group, Princeton University

Visualization: Joseph A. Insley, Argonne National Laboratory, and Northern Illinois University Visualization and Data Analysis Team, Argonne Leadership Computing Facility

Publication: A. Burrows et al. 2020

This research used resources of the Argonne Leadership Computing Facility, which is a DOE Office of Science User Facility supported under Contract DE-AC02-06CH11357.