This visualization shows the results of a state-of-the-art 3D simulation of supernova explosion and neutron-star birth. Highlighted among others things is the deep core that is shrinking after explosion due to neutrino cooling and deleptonization on its way to becoming a cold, compact neutron star. In evidence is inner proto-neutron star convection, perhaps the site of magnetic dynamo action that can turn a pulsar into a magnetar. The final frames are of the blast wave moving at ~10,000 km/s that cocoons the newly-birthed neutron star.
Science: The Princeton Supernova Theory Group, Princeton University
Visualization: Joseph A. Insley, Argonne National Laboratory, and Northern Illinois University Visualization and Data Analysis Team, Argonne Leadership Computing Facility
Publication: A. Burrows et al. 2020
This research used resources of the Argonne Leadership Computing Facility, which is a DOE Office of Science User Facility supported under Contract DE-AC02-06CH11357.